Turmeric is cultivated as a spice crop. Besides this, turmeric is also used to prepare many medicines. Its production is obtained in the form of tubers. People of Indian Hindu society also use turmeric in religious rituals. The rituals of turmeric are performed primarily in the atmosphere of marriage. Many unique properties are found in turmeric, which is called a beneficial thing. Its tuber contains curcumin, and all origin is also extracted from it. Moreover, starch is found in high quantities in turmeric.
Apart from this, a sufficient amount of protein, fat, water, carbohydrate, fibre and mineral salts are also found. Turmeric also has an important place in Ayurvedic treatment and is also used in large quantities to make Ayurvedic medicines. By consuming turmeric with milk, internal injuries heal faster.
Turmeric cultivation in India
In India, turmeric is cultivated mainly in West Bengal, Kerala, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh alone accounts for 40 percent of turmeric production. In addition, it is currently cultivated in the Barabanki and Bahraich districts of Uttar Pradesh state.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Fertile soil is required for turmeric cultivation. Turmeric production can be achieved in large quantities in sandy loam soil with proper drainage. The P.H. of the land for its cultivation. The value should be between 5.5 and 7.5. Turmeric plants require a warm and humid climate. But the hot and cold environment is harmful to its crop. Therefore, its seeds should initially have a temperature of 20 degrees to germinate, and plants need an average temperature to grow. For excellent farming techniques the Swaraj 735 tractor model is recommended for farmers. And this tractor comes under an economical price range.
Field Preparation and Fertiliser
Before harvesting turmeric, clean the field thoroughly and prepare it. First of all, get ploughing done by planting Palau in the area. After ploughing, the field is left like this for some time. After this, put 25 carts of old cow dung manure in the field and mix it well in the soil. And apply water to the area. Then a few days of watering, when the field becomes dry, do two to three slant ploughing of the field, this will break the earthen lumps present in the area, and the soil will become friable. Finally, the field is levelled by placing a pad in the friable soil. The problem of water logging is not seen in flat areas.
Spraying of 100 KG Nitrogen, 80 KG Potash, 40 K.G. Phosphorous and 25 K.G. Zinc per hectare as chemical fertiliser in the turmeric field is to be done at the time of the last ploughing of the area. After this, when the seeds have germinated, a sack n. P.K. By dividing the quantity into three equal parts, one part must be sprayed in the field. Then, the remaining second and third parts should be sprinkled in the area for one month.
Method of Planting
Two methods are used for transplanting turmeric seeds. In the first method, the seeds have to be planted on the ready bund in the field. The seeds are planted on these ridges at a distance of 20 cm. About 7 to 8 quintals of seeds are planted in one area. In the second method of sowing seeds, the seeds are put on flat land at a distance of 15 to 20 cm, and with the help of a giant plough, they are covered with soil.
Before planting the seeds, make a solution of Mancozeb and Carbendazim and treat them by keeping them for 30 minutes. After this, dry these treated seeds by keeping them in a shady place and then transplant the seeds. For transplanting John Deere 5050d tractor models are best because they are efficient and provide good mileage.
Turmeric seeds are planted during the rainy season. Hence they do not require initial irrigation. But if there is no rain on time, water must be applied in the field. After the rainy season, turmeric plants are irrigated for 25 days. Only 4 to 5 irrigations are done in its crop.
Weeding is done for weed control on turmeric plants. It is essential to remove weeds in its crop. Because the insects born on the ground cause many diseases in the harvest. Its first weeding is done 30 days after transplanting the plant, and subsequent weedings must be done at 30 to 40 days. Therefore, a maximum of 3 to 4 hoeing must be done in the turmeric crop.
The month of May is considered to be the best for sowing its seeds. But if you want, you can plant the roots till the beginning of June. During this rainy season, the seeds get suitable temperatures to germinate.
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