There has been a lot of buzz around Scala and Python in recent times. Both are object-oriented, high level, and have a large developer support base. Which one is better, and what considerations should you make when choosing between them. Here, we will discuss 7 aspects of Python vs Scala to help you choose which one is better suited for your needs.
Most of the differences between these languages arise because Python is dynamically typed, while Scala is statically typed. This means that the variable and object types do not need explicitly stated in Python.
Before knowing the difference between Python vs Scala, you need to know what is Python and what is Scala. Let’s discuss Python Assignment Help.
What is Python?
Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that supports several paradigms, including functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming.
However, it is a popular and high-ranking programming language with a simple learning curve. Indeed, Python’s English-like syntax and user-friendly features make it the go-to tool for software development and data science tasks.
Moreover, Neural Network Machine Learning Python is known for its efficient high-level data structures and object-oriented programming. In addition, it is also strong, effective, and simple to learn.
Pros of Python
Here are the pros of the Python programming language.
- Easy to learn and understand
- Large community support
- Cross-platform support
- Clear syntax
- Multiple programming paradigms support
Cons of Python
Here are the cons of the Python programming language.
- Language fragmentation
- Being a dynamic language, the extra run time required is hence slow to run.
- Inflexible user base
- Limited support for functional programming
What is Scala?
Scala is a multi-paradigm, high-level, general-purpose programming language. This language encourages functional programming by converting programmes into bytecodes that can be readily executed on the JVM (Java Virtual Machine).
It is also a multi-paradigm programming language, but it has more powerful functional features such as immutability, currying, lazy evaluation, as well as support for object-oriented programming.
Pros of Scala
- Testing is good
- High run speed
- Multiparadigm support
- Based on JVM and complies with JVM byte code
Cons of Scala
- Limited developer pool
- Limited community presence
- A bit different to learn
- Limites backward compatibility
You may have noticed some differences based on those definitions, but let’s go further to learn about the more difference between Python vs Scala.
Python vs Scala: The important difference between these languages
Here you can read the top and best 7 differences between Python and Scala programming.
Python is a general-purpose and dynamically typed programming language. Thus, we don’t have to define objects.
Whereas Scala is a statically typed object-oriented programming language, and thus we need to specify the type of objects and variables.
Python programming has an interface to many operating system libraries and calls. In addition, it has many interpreters.
On the other hand, Scala is based on Java Virtual Machine. Besides, it is source code complies with JBC (Java Byte codes) and is then executed by Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
Moreover, it is basically a compiled language, and all source code is complied with before execution.
It is an essential factor in the difference between Python vs Scala.
Python programming doesn’t support proper multithreading, through its supports heavyweight process forking.
Whereas Scala has a list of asynchronous libraries and reactive cores. Hence it is the best choice for implementing concurrency.
Python is a dynamically typed language that creates extra work for the interpreter at the run time. It has to decide the data types during run time.
On the other hand, Scala is a statically type language that uses the Java Virtual Machine. It is 10 times faster than Python programming.
Python programming is easy to understand, learn and use. Besides, its English-like syntax contributes to its popularity. Moreover, Python is easy for the developers to write code in this language.
Whereas Scala is less difficult to learn and understand than Python. However, Scala plays a more vital role in a scalable and concurrent system than Python.
In the difference between Python vs Scala, you need to understand the usage factor.
Some organizations and companies use Python programming; some of them follow:
Whereas some companies also use Scala programming, which is as follows:
Python’s testing procedure and approaches are much more complex because it is a dynamic programming language.
On the other hand, Scala is a statically typed language. Therefore testing is significantly easier.
As already mentioned, Python vs Scala is a major topic. Therefore I have covered all of the key differences. Examine all of the differences in order to make the most effective selection for your profession.
While both languages are excellent for software development and developing Data Science applications, their performance and usefulness heavily depend on their use cases.