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WHAT IS ENDOMETRIOSIS ?

ENDOMETRIOSIS

Endometriosis is a condition of the female reproductive system marked by proliferation of 
endometrial tissue (uterine lining) in an abnormal location. It is a painful disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. It affects 10% of girls and women of menstrual age. 

Some endometrial pieces may exit the uterus through the fallopian tubes and enter the pelvic cavity, where they may attach to various pelvic tissues instead of flowing out through the vagina (during menstruation). The uterus, ligaments supporting the pelvic organs, the rectovaginal septum (the membrane separating the rectum from the vagina), the sigmoid colon (the portion of the large intestine that leads into the rectum), the lower genital tract, and the peritoneum (membrane) lining the pelvis are other areas and organs that are affected. The ovaries are the most common site for endometrial tissue implants. Lung endometrial growths are incredibly uncommon.

For a more detailed overview of endometriosis, type “ladies specialist doctor” in Google search bar.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  1. PELVIC PAIN – Recurrent pelvic pain is a key sign of endometriosis. The cramping or stabbing pain, which can be slight to severe, might affect one or both sides of the pelvis, the lower back and rectal region, and even the legs. The degree or stage of endometriosis is unrelated to the amount of pain a person experiences, some people experiencing little to no pain despite having extensive endometriosis or endometriosis with scarring, while others may experience severe pain even if they only have a few small areas of endometriosis. Menstruation is frequently linked to the most intense discomfort. Additionally, pain may begin a week prior to, during, or even a week after a menstrual cycle. It may also be continuous. The discomfort may be incapacitating and may lead to emotional stress and interfere with daily eskort antalya activities. Pain brought on by endometriosis may manifest as:

 

  • Dysmenorrhea (64%): Lower back discomfort that is connected to the pelvis and excruciating, often incapacitating cramps that occur throughout the menstrual cycle.
  • chronic pelvic discomfort: which is frequently accompanied by back or stomach pain
  • Movement caused by pain: Pain experienced during physical activity, standing, or walking
  • Dyspareunia: an uncomfortable sexual encounter
  • Dysuria: condition that causes frequent, painful, and urgent urination.
  • Mittelschmerz: pain during physical activity, standing, or walking that is related to ovulation. To relieve pain brought on by Endometriosis, type “ladies specialist doctor” in Google search bar

 

  1. Infertility –
  2. Female infertility is often caused by endometriosis and its side effects. 30% to 50% of women with endometriosis are said to be at a higher risk of infertility. Though endometriosis has been linked to infertility, its effects on fertility are still not completely understood. Inflammation of the pelvic tissues, adhesions, damaged fallopian tubes, changed 
    immune system functioning, alterations in the hormonal milieu of the eggs, poor pregnancy 
    implantation, and reduced egg quality are just a few of the ways endometriosis can affect 
    fertility. If you are looking to resolve an infertility issue from a possible endometriosis diagnosis, type “ladies specialist doctor” in Google search bar.
  3. Other symptoms include diarrhea or constipation, chronic fatigue, nausea and vomiting, migraines, low-grade fevers, heavy (44%) and/or irregular periods (60%), and hypoglycaemia, painful urination, depression or anxiety, and abdominal bloating and nausea.

 

CAUSES

 

Development of endometriosis is influenced by a number of causes rather than one single one. Considered contributing factors for endometriosis include: –

 

  1. Retrograde menstruation: Menstrual blood with endometrial cells flows back into the pelvic cavity through the fallopian tube. The endometrial-like cells are deposited outside the uterus as a result, where they can implant and develop.
  2. Cellular metaplasia: When hormones or immunological factors are present, non-uterine cells transform into endometrial-like cells.
  3. Endometrial cell transport: The disease-causing stem cells travel throughout the body via blood and lymphatic channels.
  4. The disease’s swelling, expansion, and discomfort are facilitated by the formation or persistence of ectopic endometrial tissue as a result of oestrogen imbalance.
  5. Immune system dysfunction – If the immune system is compromised, it will be unable to 
    identify and eliminate endometrial-like tissue that is developing outside the uterus. Endometriosis can have many causes and not all of them are clear, for more information, type “ladies specialist doctor” in Google search bar.

COMPLICATIONS

  1. Endometriomas (ovarian cysts) 65% of patients with endometriosis are reported to have ovarian cysts. Also called chocolate cysts, are cysts that are filled with old blood and have endometriosis on their walls. These cysts can grow or rupture. In some cases, they may impact a woman’s fertility.
  2. Infertility and pregnancy complications are often reported among patients with endometriosis. Infertility, miscarriage, placenta previa (in which the placenta blocks the cervix during birth), premature births, requiring a C-section, and ectopic pregnancy are common among endometriosis patients.
  3. Bowel/bladder issues: These issues can manifest in a variety of ways, including burning while peeing, a greater desire to urinate, a loss of bladder control, stomach pain, constipation, diarrhoea, and pain or straining when attempting to have a bowel movement. The endometriosis lesions or adhesions (bands of scar tissue) that are forming on the bladder or intestine and affecting their functionality may be the cause of these bladder and/or bowel issues. These may also be brought on by the ongoing pelvic inflammation brought on by endometriosis.
  4. Interstitial cystitis: Also known as painful bladder syndrome, often causes a sense of pressure in the bladder. Although its specific reason is uncertain, interstitial cystitis has been discovered to often affect women who have endometriosis.
  5. Anaemia:
  6. Heavy menstrual bleeding is a typical sign of endometriosis. A person who routinely loses a lot of blood has a significant chance of getting anaemia because menstrual blood includes a lot of iron. An individual with this illness has constant fatigue. Endometriosis and chronic fatigue syndrome have also been connected in several studies (CFS).
  7. Adhesions: Bands of scar tissue called adhesions form as a result of endometriosis. 
    The tissue in the pelvis that resembles endometriosis grows and degrades, but there is 
    nowhere for the blood and tissue to escape, unlike with true endometrial tissue within the 
    uterus. As a result, scar tissue may form and eventually harden into adhesions. Adhesions 
    can affect fertility and create gastrointestinal discomfort as well as bladder and bowel 
    problems.
  8. Other complications arising from Endometriosis include: 
  • Ulcers
  • Fibroids
  • Depression
  • Migraines
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Ruptured cysts
  • IBS

To prevent complications resulting from Endometriosis, type “ladies specialist doctor” in Google search bar.

RISK FACTORS
  1. Age: Women between the ages of 25 and 40 are at greater risk.
  2. Family history: It appears that the illness runs in families
  3. Women who have never given birth are more vulnerable.
  4. Menstrual issues including heavy or brief periods.

If you are at risk of endometriosis and are experiencing one or more symptoms, do not hesitate to consult a doctor today. Type “ladies specialist doctor” in Google search bar for a comprehensive listing of best doctors to treat endometriosis. 

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